Ovarian cancer is a common cancer of the female reproductive organs, which would pose enormous damage to women both physically and psychologically. And its incidence rate is second only to that of cervical cancer and endometrial cancer. Therefore, women shall be highly cautious about ovarian cancer. Under such circumstances, what measures shall women take to prevent it in their daily life?
1: to keep a balanced diet. First of all, women shall limit the intake of food high in animal fat, protein and calorie, especially restricting fat intake. Studies have shown that women with a daily diet containing excessive saturated fat are more likely to develop ovarian cancer. It is advisable that women consume more food like vegetables, carrots, corn, carbohydrates, vitamin A, vitamin C, and cellulose-rich food, because all of the above food have the effect of reducing the incidence of ovarian cancer.
2: to have regular check-ups. Those Women who conduct regular gynecological examinations and B-ultrasound are more likely to detect various ovarian diseases timely. Besides, early treatment resulting from early detection can prevent the onset of disease like ovarian cysts which is prone to develop into ovarian cancer. Special attention shall be paid to those women over 45. For them, pelvic examination or pelvic ultrasound B examination shall be done once 3 to 6 months, aiming at detecting ovarian cancer at early stage. In addition, another merit of regular check-ups is that it is conducive to the prevention of ovarian cancer. Prompt treatment shall be given once symptoms including bloating, abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding occur. Also, differential diagnosis of ovarian cancer shall be emphasized so as to eliminate misdiagnosis. If ovarian enlargement is detected in the gynecological examination but no diagnosis can be made for the moment, regular follow-up examination must be conducted. The reason is that regular follow-up examination plays a crucial role in the prevention of ovarian cancer.
3: to extend lactation period properly. The prevention of ovarian cancer by extending lactation period is effective only in the short term (4-6 months). Breastfeeding over 6 month will not only stimulate the secretion of oxytocin but also increase the production of gonadotropins by the pituitary gland. Therefore, women shall attach proper emphasis to the time period of breastfeeding.
4: to use hormone with caution. Cancer experts from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou warn that women should use hormones prudently in order to prevent ovarian cancer. Many a woman suffers from menstrual disorders, and hormones are commonly used to regulate menstruation. A survey has manifested that both the long-term hormones using for menstruation regulation and long-term irregular menstruation are likely to increase the risk of developing ovarian cancer.
5: to strengthen physical exercise. On the one hand, moderate physical exercise can bring relaxation and delight to people. On the other hand, it can enhance people’s immunity and consequently reduce the chance of disease violation.