Treatment for multiple myeloma focuses on control. Multiple myeloma patients with stable symptoms do not need treatment but regular follow-up observations, while those who have progressive rise of M protein in blood or urine, or have clinical symptoms, should undergo treatment. For most multiple myeloma patients who have been effectively treated, the M protein and other major index will be stable in a certain time, which is called the platform period. In this case, the patient can undergo interventonal therapy and needs dynamic observation, etc.
1. Traditional chemotherapy: usage of chemical synthetic drug in treating disease. Chemotherapy is the use of chemicals to kill tumor cells and inhibit its growth and reproduction, as well as promote its differentiation. It is a kind of systemic treatment method, which has therapeutic effect on the primary lesion, metastases and subclinical metastases. The integrated use of combination chemotherapy helps to enhance the treatment effect
2. Interventional therapy
Interventional therap is a mini-invasive therapy performed under the guidance of medical imaging equipments. With a 1-2 millimeter incision, paracentesis can be performed with the lead of medical imaging equipment. Then a special tube, catheter or other sophisticated apparatus are introduced to inhibit the growth and spread of cancer cells, so as to cut off the tumor’s blood supply and reach the effect of local chemotherapy without any toxic side effects of chemotherapy. It has the following advantages:
Drugs are directly given to the tumor to cut off the blood supply and starve the cancer cells to death, so as to protect the normal tissues from the drugs.
2.Small Trauma, Quick Recovery
No operation. With a 2 mm incision, patients can restore to health quickly.
3.Few Side Effects
Interventional therapy overcomes the disadvantages and deficiencies of traditional chemotherapy. Drugs reach to the tumor are of high concentration, which bring few side effects and reduce patients’ suffering.
Interventional therapy can be taken repeatedly because it is not restricted by the metabolism of cancer cell.
Interventional therapy usually adopts local anaesthesia, which avoids the limitation and risk of general anesthesia.
3.targeted drug therapy
Targeted drugs are the most advanced medicine in the cancer treatment. It inhibits the growth of cancer cells by affecting the specific molecular targets necessary for cancer growth. Targeted drug treatment is to make the drugs aim at the tumor site, so as to save relatively high concentration in local and prolong the drug time. Thus, the tumor destruction is improved, while the normal tissue cells are less affected.