Laryngeal cancer is a common malignant cancer, which has a rapid growth in its incidence. With the increase of smoking among females, there is quite a change in the incidence proportion between male and female. What exactly are the treatment options for laryngeal cancer? Let’s have a look together:
1.Surgery for laryngeal cancer
For laryngeal cancer, there are many kinds of surgical treatment methods, including hemilaryngectomy, partial laryngectomy , total laryngectomy, and removal of the cervical lymph nodes. These surgical treatments aim at getting long-term effect and function reconstruction. Meanwhile, as people’s understanding of laryngeal cancer develops, these treatment methods are being improved. So far, the major principle of surgical treatment is to completely remove the lesion and hopefully reconstruct the body function, so as to get a better prognosis.
2. Radiation therapy
Combination of radiation therapy with surgery can get a better treatment effect. Doctors can choose to perform radiation therapy either before or after surgery according to the stage and condition of laryngeal cancer.
Chemotherapy usually is not used as the main treatment for laryngeal cancer. Instead, it is often used in advanced laryngeal cancer as alleviative treatment or assistant treatment before surgery.
4. Chinese medicine
Chinese medicine can be used in comprehensive treatment. It is suitable for those who can’t undergo surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy or have recurrence after surgery.
5. Interventional therapy
Interventional therapy is a new treatment method, which has gone through abundant clinical trials and has been proved to be reliable. Interventional therapy for laryngeal cancer is to treat cancer in the manner of blood vessel infusion or embolism. Blood vessel infusion means to infuse the anti-cancer medicine into the cancer in a short and direct manner called intra-arterial infusion, so as to improve local drug concentration and prolong the time of effect, meanwhile, to reduce the damage to nearby tissues. Embolism is to insert solid or liquid medicine into the feeding artery of the cancer to block its supply of blood and nutrient and shrink the tumor, so as to achieve the treatment goal.
Interventional treatment before surgery can shrink the tumor and narrow the surgical range, so as to ensure a successful surgery. For those who cannot undergo surgery, alleviative treatment can be performed to reduce patients’ painfulness and prolong their life.