Since liver cancer has the feature of multicentric occurrence, surgical resection cannot fully achieve effective result. However interventional therapy pioneers a new road and then becomes a main treatment method for treating liver cancer with its advantages of minimally invasion, safety, high-effect and powerful repeatability.
The interventional therapy for liver cancer is performed under the guide of medical image by using special puncture needle and duct inserted into the lesion via skin or femoral artery. This technology needs high finesse hence its operating doctor must have extensive clinical experience. Furthermore, it needs very cautious nursing from beginning to end. With proper nursing care, treatment can perform smoothly to ensure good treatment effect.
1. Psychological counseling: liver cancer patients are always nervous and scared due to desperation in various degrees, poor knowledge of this new technology and insufficient confidence of treatment. Therefore, medical personnel should be concerned about patients’ needs in physiology and psychology, give timely guidance to stable patients’ emotion and improve affordability before treatment. Additionally, on one day before treatment, medical personnel should explain the interventional therapy’s advantages, indications, inserted method, some matters that need attention and response measure after treatment thus ease patients’ mental stress to ensure a smooth progress of treatment.
2. Skin preparation: hairs should be shaved from navel to upper thighs to reduce the growth of bacterial and the probability of infection.
3. Iodine allergic test should be done and patients’ history of allergy should be clearly known before treatment. Medical personnel should know well about the contraindications of interventional therapy and patients’ physical condition, and attach especial importance to the patients with liver and kidney dysfunction, bleeding tendency and Iodine allergy.
4. Premedication: fasting and avoid drinking before six hours of treatment, applying narcotic before 30 minutes.
Expert from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou reminded, only authoritative medical institutions can offer quality medical nursing and technology service and ensure treatment effect. Hence, patients should be prudent in choosing hospital.